Bunion vs Corns – 2 Important Differences

Bunion vs corns is a term that many people get confused with. Bunion and corn both are inflammatory reactions. Most of them do not know the difference between bunion and corn. So in this article, let’s learn bunion vs corn.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a lump that is bony and is developed at the base of the big toe’s joint. It happens when the bones at the front of your foot start to slide out of place. This reason pulls the tip of the big toe toward the smaller toes, resulting in protrusion of the base of the big toe. The skin around the bunion may be inflamed and irritated.

Bunions can be caused or made worse by wearing tight, narrow shoes. This can also be seen due to the shape of the foot, a deformity, or arthritis-like medical conditions.

Smaller bunions (bunionettes) can form on the joint.

Bunion vs Corns
Fig 1: Bunion

Symptoms of Bunion

  • A bunion has the following signs and symptoms:
  • The base of your big toe has a bulging bulge on the exterior.
  • Pain in your big toe that is persistent or that comes and goes
  • Your big toe has a limited range of motion.
  • Inflammation or redness and swelling around the toe

Causes of Bunion

  • Bunions are thought to form for a variety of reasons, but the specific etiology is unknown. Factors to consider include:
  • Foot type that is inherited
  • Injuries or foot stress
  • Deformities that existed at the time of birth

Experts vary as to whether bunions are caused by tight, high-heeled, or too-narrow shoes, or if footwear just contributes to the development of bunions. Bunions have been linked to a variety of arthritic conditions, notably inflammatory ones like rheumatoid arthritis.

Bunion vs Corns - Stages of bunions
Fig 2: Stages of bunions

Risk Factors of Bunion

These variables may raise your chances of getting bunions:

  • High-heeled shoes: When you wear high heels, your toes are forced into the front of your shoes, which can crowd them.
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly: Bunions are more likely to form in those who wear shoes that are too tight, too thin, or too pointed.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This is a type of arthritis that affects the joints. This inflammatory illness can make you feel more prone to bunions.
  • Heredity: Bunions can be caused by a hereditary fault with the structure or anatomy of your foot.

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Treatment of Bunion

  • The soreness can be reduced by resting and wearing loose-fitting shoes.
  • Analgesics can be given if the pain is severe.
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines, such as ibuprofen, are used to treat the inflammatory reactions that occur at the deformity site.
  • Orthotics are a type of brace which can be helpful in bunions
  • If the symptoms do not improve, surgery may be indicated.
Treatment of Bunion - Bunion vs Corns
Fig 3: Treatment of Bunion

What is Corn?

Corns are thick skin patches that have become irritated. The continual rubbing of skin against rough surfaces causes them to develop. Corns occur on the surfaces of the feet that are susceptible to friction damage.

These skin malformations are classified into three types based on their morphology: hard corns, soft corns, and seed corns. A hard corn is made up of a thick band of dead skin that surrounds a patch of live skin in the center. The dead skin segments of soft corn are rather thin. Seedcorn is a cluster of little corns that appears on the plantar surfaces of the feet.

Bunion vs Corns
Fig 4: Corns

Causes of Corns

Corns form and grow as a result of pressure and friction from repetitive movements. The following are some examples of causes of pressure and friction:

  • Wearing shoes that don’t fit properly. 

Tight shoes and high heels might cause your feet to collapse. Your foot may slide and rub against the shoe if your footwear is too loose. It’s also possible that your foot will rub against a seam or stitch within the shoe.

  • Socks are being skipped.

Foot friction can be caused by wearing shoes and sandals without socks. Socks that are too big or too little might also be a problem.

  • Using manual tools or playing instruments.

The repeated pressure of playing instruments, using hand tools, or even writing can cause calluses on your hands.

Symptoms of Corns

  • A region of skin that is thick and rough.
  • A raised, hardened bump
  • Underneath your skin, there is tenderness or agony.
  • Dry, flaky, and waxy skin surface

Risk Factors of Corns

Corns  can be exacerbated by the following factors:

  • Bunions.

A bunion is a bony lump that develops on the base of your big toe’s joint.

  • Hammertoe. 

A hammertoe is a condition in which the toe curls up like a claw.

  • Other types of foot malformations

A bone spur, for example, can result in continual rubbing within your shoe.

  • Using Instrument with hands without protection

When you use hand tools without gloves, your skin is exposed to a lot of friction.

Treatment of Corns

  • The majority of corns are self-limiting and die on their own.
  • If the corns become infected, it is vital to clean the infection site and administer medicines to prevent the infection from spreading throughout the body.
  • Salicylic acid is sometimes used to eliminate corns.

Bunion VS Corn

An inflammatory reaction on subcutaneous bursa that forms when the first metatarsal and sesamoid bones are misaligned is a bunion.Corns are inflammatory patches of thick skin that grow as a result of skin rubbing against rough surfaces.
The subcutaneous structures beneath the skin are damaged.Corns are exclusively found on the surface of the skin.
Table 1: Bunion vs Corns

What are the similarities between corn and bunion?

These both are Inflammatory reactions triggered by inappropriate strain on the skin and bone tissues.

Is it possible to have corns and bunions at the same time?

Due to stresses on the foot and the underlying cause of the bunions, corns and bunions may appear at the same time. Treatment consists of a series of foot mobilizations, a gentle hand-on approach that corrects the bunions and the underlying cause of the bunions, as well as some simple exercises to permanently eliminate your bunion and foot pain

How can a foot corn appear?

If you have the following symptoms on the tips and sides of your toes, you may have foot corns: A lumpy or bumpy patch of skin that is hard, harsh, and yellowish. Touch-sensitive skin is a type of skin that is sensitive to touch. When wearing shoes, causes pain.

Do corns vanish?

Corns normally go away on their own if the pressure and rubbing that creates them are eliminated. However, there are other options, such as using a gentle bath cleanser and washing the area in warm water to remove the hard skin. Corns are frequent, especially among the elderly. These painful lumps of hard skin frequently appear on the soles of your feet.

What is the best technique to get rid of a bunion as quickly as possible?

– Bunions can be treated without surgery.
– Maintaining a healthy BMI
– A bunion can be covered by Moleskin or gel-filled pad
– Use Shoe inserts that help in the proper position of the foot
– To keep the toe straight and decrease the pain wear a splint at night

Why are corns so painful?

Corns are dry, waxy, or transparent and have a conical or round shape. They have knobby, inward-pointing cores that can put pressure on a nerve, causing intense pain.

What is the definition of a pinky toe corn?

Corns are hardened, dead skin patches that have been subjected to repetitive rubbing and pressure. Corns become raised and painful over time. Corns on the toes and feet are common, especially if you’ve been wearing excessively narrow shoes.

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