There are several ways for blackhead removal. Blackheads are small bumps that are a mix of extra dried sebum, bacteria, and dead cells. They are often visible on your face and neck area. In technical terms, they are also called open comedones.
70 percent of people suffer from acne once in their lifetime. These comedones are consist of an oxidized version of sebum and dead cells. The upper part of comedones appears black.
Most of the people are confused about the comedones. They think these are due to unwanted dust that clogged in the skin, but the development of comedones is not connected with dust trapping.
These are irritating for this reason; Whenever you try to squeeze one of them to get rid away, you find more to tackle.
These are usually visible on the face and neck, but in severe cases, you can find form and shoulders, back, and arms.
What are Blackheads?
Blackheads are the stubborn combination of oxidized sebum and dead skin cells that create lesions on the skin surface. The appearance is black on the top of the surface.
Several factors contribute to the development of open comedones such as excessive oil production and clogged with dead skin cells. Moreover, few of acne-causing bacteria are also responsible for these lessions.
This is important to exfoliate your skin regularly otherwise, coagulation of dead skin is also a cause of the development of lessions.
Most of the time, these pores are clogged, the dead skin that found in the open surface of pores reacts with the oxygen and turns black. This is the main cause of blackheads.
Two types of comedones generally appear on the skin, one is whiteheads and the second one is whiteheads. Whiteheads lesions are closed but in the blackheads, the pores are open and air passes through the clogged sebum. However, due to the passing of air, the skin cells get oxidized and turn into the black color
What Causes Blackhead?
Blackheads are generally caused by blocking the pores by excessive secretion of sebum. Sebaceous glands are responsible for producing sebum.
Some factors are involved in the development of acne and comedones. These are the following reasons.
It’s Time for Puberty: –It is time to get mature sexually and emotionally. This is the process of physical changes in a child. In which body matures into the adult body. Along with sexual maturity, hormonal changes cause acne. The body also generates excess production of sebum that leads to the growth of open comedones.
Genetic Factors: –A gene is also responsible for the hormonal balance of the body. Irregular hormone production may responsible for excess sebum production. Excessive sebum clogged with pores and generate the comedon first. It can be visible through naked eyes.
Propionibacterium Acnes Bacteria:- Bacterial contamination is one of the major factors of developing comedon. It happens when bacteria are clogged with the excessive sebum in pores. however, it can spread it around the skin, neck, and shoulder area.
Frequent Uses of Wrong Cosmetics Products:- You are using many products to get rid of acne but still you have comedones. Yes, the wrong choice of product can develop it more. This is shaping because you are not using oil-free and non-comedogenic products.
Oil-based products influence sebum production, which may worsen acne development fast. Every single drop of excess oil can help to develop the comedon more.
Skin Type: – You are using good products but still you have comedones and acne. this is disappointing, but you have oily skin that is more prone to acne and comedones. The excess sebum blocks the pores and less to generate comedones.
Uses of Certain Medication: –Taking corticosteroids and hormonal pills can develop the production of sebum. However, if you are in the treatment period, it is not surprised to develop more comedones by using such pills.
Apart from these reasons, excessive eating of junk food, oily food also plays an important role in acne. But as per the researcher, it is not an authentic statement.
Note:- Sebum is the yellowish, oily, and waxy liquid that is produced by sebaceous glands. It is made up of triglycerides and helps to maintain the moisture level of the body. It is found all over the body parts except palms of hand and foot. But excessive production of sebum leads to generate acne.
What are the Symptoms of Blackheads?
They are not as painful as acne. But it is important to understand the symptoms of blackheads. They generally appear as black open pores, but sometimes severe open comedones may fill with yellowish pus.
Moreover, in severe cases, it may be slightly raised but not as painful as pimples. In opposite to open comedones, acnes are inflamed and painful. It can cause redness and yellowish pus.
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What are the Ways of Blackhead Removal?
There are two ways to remove blackheads one is natural and another way to consult with dermatologists.
Most of the acne curable medications are available on the drug counter without a prescription. You can use it as first aid. Moreover, it comes in gel, cream, and liquid form.
The ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinol are sold, which has antibacterial properties.
Their action is like killing bacteria, removal of excess oil, and heading off the dead skin. These drugs can directly apply to the skin around the affected area.
Salicylic acid is one of the effective ingredients of blackhead removal. It kills the material and bacteria that are responsible for pore-clogging. However, you can add it to your daily care routine, which can remove excess oil and make up.
Although it is important to wash your face wash twice a day. You may use it as a night face wash. This makes your skin slightly dry. Once you get used to it, you can clean your face with salicylic acids twice a day.
You should consult with the doctor if you getting more blackheads around the face and neck. A dermatologist will prescribe you a few medications to treat the open comedones.
He/She may prescribe you oral medication along with topical medication for blackhead removal. In addition to this, oral medication includes antibiotics such as lemicyclin, which can kill the bacteria present in the clogged pores and control the over-production of sebum.
Benzoyl peroxide, Vitamin A, and Salicylic acid will be prescribed for topical application. However, the topical application breaks out the lesions and remove dead cells as well.
Manual Blackhead Removal
The extraction of blackheads is done by a dermatologist. They use a round loop extractor for blackhead removal. A round loop tool put around the black looking open comedon, applying the pressure around that area removes the clog. This procedure is slightly painful.
This is the procedure of removing a topmost thin layer of dead skin. It is an effective cosmetologist procedure to clean the blackheads. It helps to clear the clogged pores and cure the small comedones.
It’s the physical and chemical of exfoliation of the skin that removes dirt, excess oil from the face. In terms of blackhead removal, regular exfoliation with AHAs and BHAs can remove the excessive layer of dead skin cells.
AHAs and BHAs are the mild exfoliation products available in the market. Glycolic acid is easily available as AHAs and salicylic acid is easily available as BHAs exfoliation. However, you can try it as a blackhead removal topical medication. The best part is that you can use it on your own.
A dermatologist uses chemical peel for blackhead removal and cleans the surface of the skin. A chemical peel is one of the effective ways in order to maintain beautiful and healthy skin.
Although, a stronger peeling process is generally done in the observation of experts. During a peel, a chemical solution is applied on the overall surface of the skin, and keep it for the required timing.
Moreover, it is washed with cool water and moisturize the skin. After a few days of peel, you will get clear skin. 2-3 procedure is recommended for complete blackhead removal. chemical peel rejuvenates the skin condition.
It is important to take the antibacterial drugs after the procedure for 5 days. This is important to prevent bacteria development around the procedure area.
Laser Therapy for Blackhead Removal
This is the advanced therapy of blackhead removal. Laser light can reach down the innermost layer of skin to treat the acne and comedones. In this procedure, the top layer of the skin can not get damaged.
However, this procedure can kill the bacteria presents in the comedones. Apart from this, it also reduces the production of sebum and breaks the clogged.
Laser treatment is useful in reducing acne scars and comedones. Moreover, it can improve the skin texture and reduce the scar that appears on the face. This procedure is also known as lasarbrasion and laser peel.
Use of Charcoal Mask and Clay Mask
Clay masks usually soak the excess oil and dead skin from the face. Clay mask works to detoxify your skin and clear the dirt as well. The mask generally comes with natural ingredients so-called vegan products.
The charcoal mask works in the same way as clay masks do. It is also a good exfoliate that helps to remove dead skin, reduce sebum production, and improve the skin texture.
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Prevention from Blackheads
- Wash your face twice in a day regularly that removes excess oil and dead skin cell.
- Use a proper cleanser as per your skin type, which may prevent the development of open comedones.
- Need to regular wash of hair to reduce it. Production of sebum in the scalp may also contribute to the development of blackheads.
- Consider using non-comedogenic and oil-free products.
- Keep exfoliation of the skin that may improve the texture and remove the comedones.
- Avoid stripes because scratching of a blackhead can spread it more.
- Avoid eating junk and oily food.
- Remove makeup before going to bed at night.
Are blackheads bad?
Blackheads are clogged pores filled with excess oil and dead skin. However, it damages the skin but not as harmful as acne. Small precautions can remove the blackheads. It gives a black spots appear on the face.
What happens when you do not remove the blackheads?
The long stay of blackheads can lead to the development of the cyst that is also called acne. The clogged pores contain the bacteria inside the clogged. The regular development of these bacteria, may develop more acne on the face and damage the smooth texture of the skin.
How can I remove blackheads at home fast?
Some natural ways to remove blackheads at home.
- Tea tree oil. You can use it with witch hazel to treat small comedones.
- Clay. It can absorb excess oil and remove the dead skin cells.
- Baking Soda. It is a natural way of exfoliating the skin to remove dead cells.
- Kasturi turmeric. It has antibacterial properties. It can use with the combination of other natural remedies because regular use of turmeric can stain the skin.
- Green Tea. It can also reduce excess oil.
Why is my nose full of blackheads?
The hair follicles present on the nose are more prone to collect excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells. These pores are more open to passing the air. However, the clogged get oxidized easily and turn into blackheads.